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The Strangeness of Dub


Programme Eleven



Edward George is a writer, researcher, and presenter of Black Audio Film Collective’s ground-breaking science fiction documentary Last Angel of History. Edward is a founder of Black Audio Film Collective (1982-1998), the multimedia duo Flow Motion (1996-present), and the electronic music group Hallucinator (1998-present).


Dub is strange. A musical process and a sub-genre formed in the early 1970s and pioneered by Clement Dodd, Sylvan Morris, Lee Perry, King Tubby, Scientist, Jah Shaka and The Mad Professor, dub takes place through a kind of violence, an act of reducing archival audio documents to fragments and traces, yet is associated, in its sound system context, with communal reverie and meditative states.


A marginal music and a music of margins, first and most enduringly located on the ‘b side’, the underside, of phonographic recordings, dub is a sub genre of reggae music, subordinate and secondary to song-writing, musical performance and recording. And yet more so than reggae song writing, vocal or musical performance, dub’s influence reverberates across other genres of electronic music, even while never quite comprising a genre of its own.


Dub is also a sonic process, a way of making new music from existing music that is always present in all forms of electronically recorded music, as that which is waiting to be excavated and discovered for the first time. You can hear dub process in late 20th century and 21st popular electronic dance music, in the 80’s hip hop productions of Marley Marl and the Bomb Squad, in the techno of Basic Channel and Mika Vaino, in dubstep and drum and bass, and you can hear its conceptual pre-figurations in jazz and the avant garde music of Cage and Stockhausen.


And yet, in spite or perhaps because of its broad cultural resonance, dub has at its heart a concern with ideas of emptiness and silence, being and presence, space and repetition, and these ideas intersect with themes, especially in reggae, of Diaspora, and ‘race’, history and memory, longing and loss.


Join Edward George, on a journey into reggae, dub, versions and versioning that draws on critical theory, social history, a deep and wide cross-genre musical selection, and live dub mixing.





Marcia Griffiths – Feel Like Jumping
Marcia Griffiths – Peaceful Woman
Marguerita – Woman A Come
Marcia Griffiths – Woman A Come
Roots Radics – Woman A Come Version
Henry King & his Orchestra – Peanut Vendor
Rita Montaner – El Manisero
Don Azpiazu & his Havana Casino Orchestra – El Manisero
Star Band de Dakar – Galletana
The Sahel Orchestra – Caridad
Franco TPOK Jazz – Nalingaka Yo Yo Te
The Congos – Congoman
The Congos – Congoman Chant
Count Ossie & The Mystic Revelation of Rastafari – Bongo Man
Bob Soul & The United Stars – A Chant from the Congo
Bob Soul & The United Stars – Message from the Congo
King Tubby & The Bill Hutchinson All Stars – Congo Dread Chapter One
Louis Armstrong & His Orchestra – Peanut Vendor
Skatalites – Peanut Vendor
Tommy McCook – Peanut Vendor
Winston Shan & The Hippy Boys – Dungeon
Lizard, Prince Far I, Bim Sherman – Dungeon, Merchant Ship, Jah Army Band


Produced by Edward George and Camilo Salazar for Morley Radio